Dynamic lines are most prominent on the forehead, between the eyebrows, around the mouth and in addition to giving the person an aged look, also lead to a scowling, angry expression when they especially form between the eyebrows.
Botulinum toxin shows activity by inhibiting the
releasing of substances that transmit the stimuli to the muscles from
the nerve ends and blocks the nerve conduction. Inhibition of the
nerve conduction results in the decrease or total disappearance in
the movement of the muscle that the nerve stimulates.
Medicine has long been benefiting from this effect of Botulinum Toxin and this toxin has been used for approximately 10 years to decrease the wrinkles arising from the movements of mimic muscles of the face without the need for surgery. By applying
Botulinum Toxin to mimic
muscles, the movements of these muscles are reduced and the wrinkles
forming due to the folding of the skin over these muscles and
deepening in time are prevented, as a consequence, significant
improvement in the aged and angry facial expression is provided. The
wrinkles that that respond to Botulinum Toxin treatment the best are
the wrinkles seen on the forehead, around the eyes and the ones
between the eyebrows. Botulinum Toxin is also uses successfully in
the treatment of lines formed due to laughing and the wrinkles of the
neck and the chin. While better results are obtained when Botulinum
Toxin application is performed during the early period in which
dynamic wrinkles are formed, since these wrinkles deepen in time, in
order for them to disappear completely, additional filling injections
may be required. Another application that can be performed with
Botulinum Toxin is eyebrow shaping (eyebrow lifting) directed to the
correction of eyebrow pitosis that leads to a tired look. The effect
of Botulinum Toxin may last for 4 to 6 months depending on the
applied dose, used technique and the metabolism of the person. In
addition, the duration of the effect may be longer due to the
thinning of the muscle with repeated applications. When the effect of
Botulinum Toxin is over, the skin turns to its pre-application state.
Botulinum Toxin applications have been performed for long years and a severe side effect has not been reported until now. The most frequently seen side effect is minor swellings and purple spot on the application area. Though adverse events like pitosis of the eyelid or the eyebrows may rarely be seen due to wrong applications, they disappear with the effect’s wearing off. In addition, tough asymmetrical mimics or eyebrow lifting may be seen when the results of the application becomes prominent within a couple of days, these may always be corrected with additional applications. The effect of Botulinum Toxin is limited to the application area; it is observed 3-5 days after the application completely and disappears within a period of 4-6 months.
Botulinum Toxin application in excessive sweating
Botulinum Toxin has been used in the treatment of excessive sweating of the arm pit, hands and feet which is called hyperhydrosis with an increased frequency. With Botulinum Toxin injections, applied to the regions with excessive sweating, sweating can be prevented for 6-8 months following the injection.